.31 Colt 1849 pocket, 1862

Maker: Colt

Caliber: .31 percussion

Date: 1862 (serial number 212923)

Status: Original condition, in collection

Colt's smaller revolver. Till 1847 Colt could only offer a .44 revolver, the Walker and later the Dragoon. These .44 revolvers were quite large and heavy. (Colt did produced smaller .28, 31 and 36 revolvers in the Paterson time, between 1837-1840 but not after that.) 

In 1847 Colt offered the 1848 baby dragoon in .31 which evolved in the 1849 Colt pocket as of 1849. Offered in barrel lenghts 3", 4", 5" and 6" and in 5 and 6 shot versions. The 3"versions had lo loading lever and are more sought after.
About 340.000 of these revolvers were made between 1850 and 1873 and an additional 11.000 are made in the London factory.
The amount of variations in produced Colt's 1849 is that large that I will not even start to tell about that. There are specialized Colt sites and lots of books about Colt revolvers and on the 1849 in articular there is a good book "Colts Pocket 49 its evolution including the Baby Dragoon & Wells Fargo by Robert M. Jordan and Darrow M. Watt"

This revolver is a good example of a good acquisition. It was not expensive due to a defect in the cylinder mechanism; the cylinder did not rotate. Besides that it made little sound cocking due to lots of old dirt an thickened oil inside. All movements and were damped. All parts are there, the markings good readable, no large damages and all parts have the same number therefore I good buy. The trigger has almost 100% of it's bluing so that part is probably a replacement.

First I cleaned all parts. The defect was found soon, the hand had the pin broken off. That was not a new defect, someone had tried to hard solder the broken pin. The pin broke on the place it leaves the hand and when repaired will always be a weak spot. A correct way to repair that is to drill out the spot the pin should be and to stick in a longer new pin and hard solder that in place. As material for such pin I take a piece of a ( Cobalt) drill bit.

Drill bits are hard and strong and in you probably have the right size in home. Hard solder (or silver solder) is a strong way to repair with silver, brass or silver/brass material. Such small repairs often can not done by welding and solder with tin is no option, much to weak.